David Arnold (for Info only, not official)

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David Arnold

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    ...The telegraph began life as an instrument of colonial communications.The first fully operational line — from Calcutta to Diamond Harbour — was constructed by W. B. O'Shaughnessy and opened in 1851.By 1856 there were more than 4,000 miles of lines and 46 receiving stations, linking Calcutta to Bombay, Agra, Peshawar and Madras.Lord Dalhousie, India's governor-general, saw the value of the telegraph (alongside railways and a regular postal service) in speeding up government business and promoting the security and efficiency of colonial rule.The telegraph's utility was soon tested.In May 1857, one of the first intimations of the outbreak of the rebellion at Meerut came from two telegrams sent to Agra on the day the uprising erupted.The second began: "The 3rd Cavalry have broken out in mutiny, and are killing all Europeans they meet", then ended abruptly: "We are." ...

    Indian Express on July 1, 2013, 11:19 p.m.